Sikkim wildlife and biodiversity

List of National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Sikkim

Moreover, he said that Sikkim is an example which needs and can be replicated in the other part of North-East states of India. Most of the high altitude medicinal plants are rare and endangered species. The Trans-Himalayan ecoregion extends from m to m with characteristic cold desert vegetation exclusively restricted to the north of Sikkim.

Snow leopard Uncia uncia, a highly endangered animal of Himalayan eco-system which is at the top of ecological pyramid has also shown remarkable population increase as reported although proper census has not been conducted for the last few years.

Many species of Himalayan origin have revolutionized the allopathic systems of medicine. Every specified plant or part or derivative thereof, in respect of which any offence against this Act or any rule or order made there under has been committed, shall be the property of the State Government, and, where such plant or part or derivative thereof has been collected or acquired from a sanctuary or National Park declared by the Central Government, such plant or part or derivative thereof shall be the property of the Central Government.

Forest fires are generally reported from this zone and there is an occasional problem of illegal removal of the Sal, Teak trees.

Facilitating collaboration with national nodal agencies for research studies on three flagship species and study of impacts of climate change and grazing bans on the Himalayan ecosystem. Further more, modern medicines owes to the flora of these mountains. Only one such species, White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri has been noticed till now U.

The other associates in the upper storey are: He specifically targeted that the SDG agenda 14 and 15 reflected the importance of biodiversity and ecosystems.

Furthermore, in view of the global biodiversity conservation, there are more than 50 flowering plants which are considered to be in danger of extinction, and precious flowering plants are conserved in the State of Sikkim.

Existence of protected areas in the higher reaches sustains environment stability of the surrounding region and thereby reduces occurrence of landslides and droughts, protecting the soil from erosion etc. Facilitating development of national and international marketing strategies for ecotourism development and marketing.

Lantana is a major weed in this region. Thus this IBA has at least bird species of conservation concern including seven globally threatened and restricted range species, 24 species of Biome-5, 67 of Biome-7, 26 of Biome-8 and three listed in Biome In order to protect, propagate and develop this rich wilderness, the State has realized that only by bringing in more such areas under the Protected Area Network could save this fragile eco-system from being over exploited and depleted.

Most of the high altitude medicinal plants are rare and endangered species. Due to great altitudinal variation from m to above 4, m, three bian High Montane Alpine and Tibetanfrom above 3, m; st, between 1, m and 3, m; and, Biome Other species of interest are the Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda and Gold-naped Black Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta, birds of temperate forest.

Thirteen out of 48 species of this biome have been seen in this IBA. Forest fires are generally reported from this zone and there is an occasional problem of illegal removal of the Sal, Teak trees.

Sikkim Biodiversity Conservation and Forest Management Project | India

This region has very little resident human population, mainly Bhutias and mostly pastoral, herding livestock like yak, dzo cow-yak hybrid and domestic cattle. Many wild edibles are collected from the forest floor like Arisaema sp.

Protected Area Network does not include area under buffer zone of a biosphere reserve. While these figures are still not absolute, it may be kept in mind that this is only the mega-fauna Sikkim wildlife and biodiversity flora. Several species of migratory water birds use the river systems during transit.

Biome-5 species like Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii are regularly recorded in winter onat Rangit river; Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria recorded from Trans-Himalayan Lhonaake and other high altitude sites is also recorded from this IBA.

Hence, as many as 14 globally threatened and restricted range speat least four Biome-5 species, 15 Biome-7 species, 33 Biome-8 species and seven Biome- 9 sperded from this IBA.

She also applauded Sikkim for leading their role in organic farming amongst the Himalayan states and also helping them in their vision of making the entire Himalayan Region Organic by Some amount of cattle rearing is practiced with stall fed hybrid milch cows with some trans-humance for local breeds in forest areas.Sikkim’s fauna is diverse, including species of mammals, species of birds, launched Sikkim Biodiversity Conservation and Forest Management Project Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary in the East Sikkim and Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary in South Sikkim are the two PAs in this eco-region.

Plantations of. Gangtok, 04 May (IPR): The “International Conference on Biodiversity and SDGs: Sustainable Livelihood and Protecting the Planet” organised by the Forest Environment & Wildlife Management Department, Government of Sikkim, at Chintan Bhawan, Gangtok was formally inaugurated by Chief Minister Shri.

Necessity of the Biodiversity Conservation in the State of Sikkim In the State of Sikkim, more than 4, flowering plants are found, and among those plants in particular, there are species of orchids and 36 species of rhododendron.

"The SBFP is a project to strengthen the biodiversity conservation activities and the forest management capacity, and to improve livelihood for the local people who are dependent on forests by promoting sustainable biodiversity conservation, afforestation and income generation activities including eco-tourism for the community development.

Environment Biodiversity Wildlife Forest & Forestry Land & Water Ecotourism Sericulture. ENVIRONMENT Quick Biodiversity of Sikkim - Exploring and Conserving a Global Hotspot. Editors M.

L. Arrawatia, IFS Sandeep Tambe, IFS Published by Information and Public Relations Department Government of Sikkim [Total Pages: ] Download Cover Page.

Home Essays Sikkim Wildlife and Sikkim Wildlife and Biodiversity. Topics: Sikkim, WILDLIFE & BIODIVERSITY Biodiversity at a Glance India is recognized as one of the 12 mega diversity centres of the world.

Out of the 18 Biodiversity hot-spots in the world, India owns 2, namely the Western Ghats and the Eastern Himalayas.

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Sikkim wildlife and biodiversity
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