Galvan j.l. (1999). writing literature reviews

During this part of the lesson, the authors stressed the importance of understanding and using questioning: Nevertheless they are generally rather dated, as they were all conducted between and Some of the studies are especially interesting in that they analyse the features of enhanced IWB learning environments and in proposing the design of a new pedagogy [ 613313335 ].

Data included interviews with the teachers, classroom observations, and copies of the IWB lessons recordings of the activities at IWB, recorded by the appropriate IWB tool. The authors pointed to the experience of teachers within the school, supported by a research group at Keele University UK and stressed the importance of the integration of the IWBs in the planning of mathematics lessons, suggesting that new approaches may provide potential for further gains.

Structured observations of classroom interaction were undertaken inand again a year later in The research was conducted in secondary schools observing and video recording 10 mathematics teachers and 13 modern foreign language teachers for at least one lesson some for moreand then interviewing them using a semistructured interview format.

In all lessons, some attempt was made to recognise and respond to varying learning style needs. Salomon and Ben-Zvi [ 43 ] pointed out some reasons for the complex relationship between technology and education Galvan j.l.

(1999).

writing literature reviews general, which also applies to IWBs. It is not the technology per se that can make the difference, but rather the activities that the learning environment in which the technology is embedded affords and brings to life.

Researchers were surprised with the lack of reproductive instances of IWB use, particularly because reproductive use that supports existing traditional pedagogy is considered a primary type of use in the United Kingdom.

In the schools, IWBs were installed in spring Findings from the study showed that the quality of the interaction varied between teachers.

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These significant learning moments are in contrast with reproductive instances, in which the actions on the IWB could be realized in other ways, and with problematic instances, in which technological glitches may actually interfere with learning.

Second, it pores mainly over literature from the UK. The main slide showed the black outline of a square divided into sections and two sets of shapes: Software provided with the boards offers additional functions that improve the facility to control the computer at the touch of the screen [ 1 ].

It is not the technology per se that can make the difference, but rather the activities that the learning environment in which the technology is embedded affords and brings to life. Methods for the evaluative study of designed materials included classroom observation, teacher and pupil surveys, and two attainment tests, designed to assess the impact on pupil learning.

Evaluation was by questionnaire-based pupil and teacher surveys, teacher measurement of enhancement in learning, teacher interviews, and observed lessons.

The teacher and students together created the texts. Evaluation was by questionnaire-based pupil and teacher surveys, teacher measurement of enhancement in learning, teacher interviews, and observed lessons.

The team created, tested, and finalised a set of materials and resources which would be usable as a stand-alone resource to help mathematics teachers to develop and adapt their pedagogy in order to use IWBs more effectively and efficiently.

Holmes [ 37 ] examined the assessment tasks of a sample of Australian mathematics preservice teachers; the preservice teachers had to plan effectively to integrate IWB features into their mathematical lessons.

Of the mathematics topics chosen by the preservice teachers, it is interesting to note that only five of the thirteen topics tessellations, similar figures, surface area, constructing triangles, and circles involved subject matter that would traditionally lend itself to visual representation.

Lesson observations, interviews with teachers, and discussions at the group meetings, however, indicated that the implementation of the strategies varied significantly between teachers.

In part this came from the use of visual, verbal, and sequential materials, but in some lessons teachers used alternative representations of ideas, showing fractions in different ways, or using fractions of a shape to illustrate a numerical statement.

The key feature was found to be planning and preparation. The participants were 60 students from a public school in the city of Izmir, Turkey.

They related this development to the enhanced understanding of IWB use at the beginning as a presentational and motivational support but successively as the ground for more effective conceptual and cognitive learning by the students. The large-scale studies [ 71718 ] present a large overview of the IWBs usage both in primary and in secondary schools.

Over the studies, no significant differences appear between primary and secondary schools, but it might depend on the issue that generally all the studies except the one by Swan et al.Get the latest breaking news across the U.S.

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Galvan j.l. (1999). writing literature reviews
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